Exporting Environmentalism

From Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation

Exporting Environmentalism

U.S. Multinational Chemical Corporations in Brazil and Mexico

By Ronie Garcia-Johnson





A great deal of research has focused on the role of governments, nongovernmental organizations, and advocacy groups in promoting environmental ideologies. Researchers and activists have generally assumed antienvironmental and antiregulatory stances on the part of corporations. Exporting Environmentalism is the first book to examine industry's transnational promotion of environmental ideas and practices. The book also challenges and complements other theoretical approaches to the study of international environmental politics. Rather than positing change in national and international environmental policy as the only valuable outcome, it looks at the environmental benefits of changes in perspectives, policies, and practices within the firms themselves. Ronie Garcia-Johnson shows that multinational corporations have incentives to raise the environmental, health, and safety standards of domestic companies in their host countries to maintain their competitive advantage. To determine industry's exportation and importation of environmentalism, Garcia-Johnson focuses on the flow of ideas, values, and strategies from United States-based chemical companies to companies in Mexico and Brazil. The comparative case study explains how and why Mexican and Brazilian companies are importing environmental ideas and changing their production policies. Garcia-Johnson then explores the effects of these private policies on communities, nongovernmental organizations, governments, and national environmental politics within Brazil and Mexico.


Out of Print ISBN: 9780262072007 310 pp. | 6 in x 9 in


$28.00 X ISBN: 9780262571364 310 pp. | 6 in x 9 in


  • This book makes a significant contribution to the fields of environmental politics and sociology. It recognizes corporations as important actors in civil society. No works have been published on either the specific environmental practices of corporations in developing countries or the manner in which ideologies emerged. The book is highly original and will be an important one.

    Ronnie D. Lipschutz

    Department of Politics, University of California, Santa Cruz

  • This work is of high scholarly standard and will be of interest to a wide audience of academicians, policymakers, and business people. At present there is no other useful book on this topic.

    Jan Hesselberg

    Professor, Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo