Naturalistic Realism and the Antirealist Challenge

From Representation and Mind series

Naturalistic Realism and the Antirealist Challenge

By Drew Khlentzos

A Bradford Book





In this important book, Drew Khlentzos explains the antirealist argument from a realist perspective. He defends naturalistic realism against the antirealist challenge, and he considers the consequences of his defense for our understanding of realism and truth. Khlentzos argues that the naturalistic realist view that the world exists independently of the mind must take into consideration what he calls the representation problem: if the naturalistic realist view is true, how can mental representation of the world be explained? He examines this major antirealist challenge in detail and shows that many realists have dismissed it because they have not understood its nature. He sees it as a philosophical puzzle: the antirealist challenge, if sound, does not prove that there are no objects that exist independently of the mind, but that there is no rational basis for thinking that there are; we have good reason to believe in the naturalistic view, but (given the antirealist arguments) we have no way of knowing how it could be true. Khlentzos surveys the antirealist arguments of Michael Dummett, Hilary Putnam, and Crispin Wright and suggests a realist answer. He argues for a radically nonepistemic conception of truth, and against pragmatist, intuitionist, verificationist, and pluralist alternatives. He examines and rejects some current versions of physicalism and functionalism, and offers an original version of the correspondence theory of truth.


Out of Print ISBN: 9780262112857 416 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 10 illus.


$25.00 X ISBN: 9780262612098 416 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 10 illus.


  • Drew Khlentzos thinks that naturalistic realists have been far too complacent in the face of Dummett, Putnam and others. In this wide-ranging and engaging book he tells us why. Very provocative!

    Michael Devitt

    Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, The Graduate Center, City University of New York

  • I know of no other book in recent years that can serve, as this book can, at once as a comprehensive survey of one of the most important debates in contemporary metaphysics and a genuinely important contribution to that debate.

    Hilary Putnam

    Cogan University Professor Emeritus, Harvard University

  • Drew Khlentzos's book is the best I've read on the realism-antirealism debate. Highly competent on the relevant mathematical logic and fair to his opponents, Khlentzos marshals new arguments and original proposals that will establish him as a truly world-class philosopher.

    J. J. C. Smart

    Emeritus Professor, Australian National University