Francesco Giavazzi

Francesco Giavazzi is Professor of Economics at Bocconi University and Visiting Professor at MIT. He is the coauthor (with Alberto Giovannini) of Limiting Exchange Rate Flexibility: The European Monetary System (MIT Press, 1989).

  • The Future of Europe

    The Future of Europe

    Reform or Decline

    Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi

    A provocative argument that unless Europe takes serious action soon, its economic and political decline is unavoidable, and a clear statement of the steps Europe must take before it's too late.

    Unless Europe takes action soon, its further economic and political decline is almost inevitable, economists Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi write in this provocative book. Without comprehensive reform, continental Western Europe's overprotected, overregulated economies will continue to slow—and its political influence will become negligible. This doesn't mean that Italy, Germany, France, and other now-prosperous countries will become poor; their standard of living will remain comfortable. But they will become largely irrelevant on the world scene. In The Future of Europe, Alesina and Giavazzi (themselves Europeans) outline the steps that Europe must take to prevent its economic and political eclipse.

    Europe, the authors say, has much to learn from the market liberalism of America. Europeans work less and vacation more than Americans; they value job stability and security above all. Americans, Alesina and Giavazzi argue, work harder and longer and are more willing to endure the ups and downs of a market economy. Europeans prize their welfare states; Americans abhor government spending. America is a melting pot; European countries—witness the November 2005 unrest in France—have trouble absorbing their immigrant populations. If Europe is to arrest its decline, Alesina and Giavazzi warn, it needs to adopt something closer to the American free-market model for dealing with these issues.

    Alesina and Giavazzi's prescriptions for how Europe should handle worker productivity, labor market regulation, globalization, support for higher education and technology research, fiscal policy, and its multiethnic societies are sure to stir controversy, as will their eye-opening view of the European Union and the euro. But their wake-up call will ring loud and clear for anyone concerned about the future of Europe and the global economy.

    • Hardcover $27.00
    • Paperback $20.00
  • NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2004

    NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2004

    Richard H. Clarida, Jeffrey A. Frankel, Francesco Giavazzi, and Kenneth D. West

    The NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics brings together leading American and European economists to discuss a broad range of current issues in global macroeconomics. An international companion to the more American-focused NBER Macroeconomics Annual, this particular volume offers cutting-edge research on monetary and fiscal policy responses to macroeconomic fluctuations, with special emphasis on tailoring a single monetary policy for the diverse economies that make up the European Monetary Union. The individual papers examine such topics as whether rule-based monetary policy should target price levels or inflation rates; how much cyclical correlation across countries can be attributed to transmission between multinational companies and their international affiliates; the different effects of monetary policy in high-debt and low-debt countries; and the prospects for the ten 2004 entrants to the European Union, based on the experiences of EU entrants of the 1980s.

    • Hardcover $13.75
    • Paperback $30.00
  • Inflation Targeting, Debt, and the Brazilian Experience, 1999 to 2003

    Inflation Targeting, Debt, and the Brazilian Experience, 1999 to 2003

    Francesco Giavazzi, Ilan Goldfajn, and Santiago Herrera

    How Brazil's monetary and fiscal policies survived a series of severe economic shocks and the policy lessons for other countries.

    Inflation targeting—when central bank policies set specific inflation rate objectives—is widely used by both developed and developing countries around the world (although not by the United States or the European Central Bank). This collection of original essays looks at how Brazil's policy of inflation targeting, coupled with a floating exchange rate, survived a series of severe economic shocks and examines the policy lessons that can be drawn from Brazil's experience.

    After a successful start in early 1999, Brazil's policy regime had to manage mounting difficulties, including a sudden reversal of capital flows and its effects on the exchange rate and public debt, the contagion of Argentina's severe economic problems, a domestic energy crisis, and the political uncertainty of the 2002 presidential campaign. The contributors, prominent Brazilian and international economists, draw important lessons from Brazil's experience, including the necessity of accompanying monetary policy with fiscal improvement, the trade-offs involved in dollar-linked debt, the importance of fiscal institutions in an emerging market economy, and the importance of keeping inflation under control.

    • Hardcover $10.75
  • Limiting Exchange Rate Flexibility

    The European Monetary System

    Francesco Giavazzi and Alberto Giovannini

    This book provides the first in depth analysis of the European Monetary System (EMS), the only lasting experiment of this kind.

    Events of recent years have exacerbated the dissatisfaction with the performance of flexible exchange rates, and prompted a number of proposals to limit exchange rate fluctuations among industrialized countries. This book provides the first in depth analysis of the European Monetary System (EMS), the only lasting experiment of this kind. The book's careful blend of theory and empirical analysis supports the view that, in Europe, nominal exchange rate targets have had significant real effects. Its detailed description of European economic institutions shows why exchange rate fluctuations are perceived as especially harmful. Giavazzi and Giovannini explain the institutional features of the EMS and describe how central banks run the system in practice. They offer an illuminating analysis of European capital controls and show how such regulations have guaranteed the survival of the EMS in a period characterized by unprecedented dollar fluctuations.The authors point out the lessons to be drawn from this experience with the EMS for the more general problem of reforming the international monetary system. Their forceful arguments are backed by analysis of such important issues as the determinants of international capital flows and international portfolio diversification, and the role of credibility and expectations in disinflation.

    • Hardcover $35.00